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Debian install of ROS Melodic

We are building Debian packages for Debian Stretch. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Debian. Note that there are also packages available from Debian upstream. Please see UpstreamPackages to understand the difference.

Debian packages are built for the following distros and architectures.

Distro

amd64

armhf

arm64

Stretch

X

X

If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.

If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.

These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.

Installation

Configure your Debian repositories

Configure your Debian repositories to allow "contrib" and "non-free". You can follow the Debian guide for instructions on doing this.

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org. ROS Melodic ONLY supports Stretch (Debian 9) for debian packages.

  • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Mirrors

Source Debs are also available

Set up your keys

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-melodic

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, instead of the above you can type:

source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.bash

If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:

echo "source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

Dependencies for building packages

Up to now you have installed what you need to run the core ROS packages. To create and manage your own ROS workspaces, there are various tools and requirements that are distributed separately. For example, rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool that enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool and other dependencies for building ROS packages, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall python-rosinstall-generator python-wstool build-essential

Build farm status

The packages that you installed were built by the ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages here.

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.


2018-10-13 12:55