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Only released in EOL distros:  

Package Summary

ROS Wrapper for the KUKA youBot Driver

About

This package provides a ROS wrapper for the Kuka youBot drivers. It includes a joint state publisher and a node called youbot_wrapper which publishes to several topics and provides several services for communication with the youBot. It also has a software emergency stop and a command velocity safety node.

This package has been renamed to youbot_common from youbot_oodl.

Note that this documentation is not yet complete. Any areas with a question mark (?) are suspicious.

Nodes

youbot_wrapper

youbot_wrapper is a ROS wrapper for the Kuka youBot drivers. It publishes to several topics and provides several services for communication with the youBot. It can initialize the base and one or two arms for communication, then send messages relaying the state of the arms and odometry data. It can receive velocity commands for the base and arms, and position commands for the arms.

Subscribed Topics

arm_1/arm_controller/follow_joint_trajectory/goal (control_msgs/FollowJointTrajectoryActionGoal) arm_1/arm_controller/position_command (brics_actuator/JointPositions) arm_1/arm_controller/velocity_command (brics_actuator/JointVelocities) cmd_vel (geometry_msgs/Twist) arm_1/gripper_controller/position_command (brics_actuator/JointPositions) arm_1/arm_controller/follow_joint_trajectory/cancel (actionlib_msgs/GoalID)

Published Topics

arm_1/arm_controller/follow_joint_trajectory/result (control_msgs/FollowJointTrajectoryActionResult) tf (tf/tfMessage) odom (nav_msgs/Odometry) diagnostics (diagnostic_msgs/DiagnosticArray) arm1/arm_controller/follow_joint_trajectory/feedback (control_msgs/FollowJointTrajectoryActionFeedback) joint_states (sensor_msgs/JointState) dashboard/platform_state (youbot_common/PowerBoardState) arm_1/arm_controller/follow_joint_trajectory/status (actionlib_msgs/GoalStatusArray)

Services

base/switchOnMotors (std_srvs/Empty) base/switchOffMotors (std_srvs/Empty) arm_1/switchOnMotors (std_srvs/Empty) arm_1/switchOffMotors (std_srvs/Empty) arm_1/calibrate (std_srvs/Empty) reconnect (std_srvs/Empty) youbot_wrapper/get_loggers (std_srvs/Empty) youbot_wrapper/set_logger_level (std_srvs/Empty)

Parameters

youBotHasBase (bool, default: true) youBotHasArms (bool, default: true) youBotDriverCycleFrequencyInHz (double, default: 50.0) trajectoryActionServerEnable (bool, default: true) trajectoryPositionGain (double, default: 5.0) trajectoryVelocityGain (double, default: 0.0) youBotBaseName (str, default: youbot-base) youBotArmName1 (str, default: youbot-manipulator) youBotArmName2 (str, default: youbot-manipulator-dual-arm)

youbot_network_estopper

youbot_network_estopper is a node which will perform an emergency stop on the robot if the network is disconnected or the user commands it. It works by listening for a heartbeat signal from the heartbeat_generator. If it does not get a heartbeat within a certain timeout period, it cancels all trajectories the youbot may be following, sends command velocities of zero to the base and arm, and calls the switchOffBase and switchOffArm services of youbot_wrapper. If it receives another heartbeat, it calls the reconnect service of youbot_wrapper in an attempt to restore control to the robot.

Subscribed Topics

youbot_network_estopper/heartbeat (std_msgs/Bool)

heartbeat_generator

heartbeat_generator simply generates a heartbeat signal until the user cancels it.

Published Topics

youbot_network_estopper/heartbeat (std_msgs/Bool)

cmd_vel_safety

cmd_vel_safety listens to an unsafe command velocity from anywhere and a nav_msgs/GridCells message from the navigation stack's local costmap. It uses tf to find the robot's position, then compares it against the received grid to determine the safety of the received command velocity. If the robot's estimated future position is near an obstacle, the command velocity will be limited before being republished as a safe command velocity. youbot_teleop

Subscribed Topics

/move_base_node/local_costmap/obstacles (nav_msgs/GridCells) cmd_vel_unsafe (geometry_msgs/Twist)

Published Topics

cmd_vel (geometry_msgs/Twist)

Installation

youbot_driver

Before installing the package, you must first ensure that youbot_driver is installed, and the environment variable YOUBOT_CONFIG_FOLDER_LOCATION is correctly set to point to the config folder as described in youbot_driver#Installation.

Debian

(NOT YET AVAILABLE AS youbot_common, see the old youbot_oodl instead) To install the debian package, do

sudo apt-get install ros-groovy-youbot-common 

The debian installation will set the capabilities of the executable by itself, so it will be ready to run immediately after installation.

From Source

To install from source, get the package from the git repository in the typical way. First, create a folder for the package within the src folder of your catkin workspace. cd to the folder, then do

git init
git pull http://github.com/WPI-RAIL/youbot_oodl.git

Go to the root of your catkin workspace and make it.

catkin_make

Then, go to the lib folder containing the youbot_wrapper node and set its capabilities so that it will be able to communicate with ethercat.

cd devel/lib/youbot_common
sudo setcap cap_net_raw+ep youbot_wrapper

You must do this every time you build a new youbot_wrapper executable. Otherwise it will give you the following error:

[FATAL] [1370895928.057925761]: No socket connection on eth1
Execute as root
[ERROR] [1370895928.058248099]: Base "youbot-base" could not be initialized.
[ INFO] [1370895928.058573512]: Configuration file path: ,,,,,,/ros-groovy/src/youbot_driver/config/
[FATAL] [1370895928.059439557]: No socket connection on eth1
Execute as root
[ERROR] [1370895928.059770701]: Arm "youbot-manipulator" could not be initialized.
[ INFO] [1370895928.059985361]: System has 0 initialized arm(s).
[ WARN] [1370895928.060813883]: No socket connection on eth1
Execute as root

You will see a similar error if youbot_driver is configured with the wrong ethernet port. If that is the case, it will not say Execute as root. To fix this, go into youbot-ethercat.cfg in the config folder and change EthernetDevice to eth0 or eth1.

Using this Package

youbot_wrapper

Open a terminal on the youBot, either through the OS on the youBot, or by ssh-ing into it. Before running youbot_wrapper, make sure the base and arm are on and the arm is in the home configuration. There are notches on each joint to show the home position. When the notch on each side of the joint lines up, that joint is in the correct position. To run youbot_wrapper, launch it like so:

roslaunch youbot_common youbot_wrapper.launch

If all goes well, it should say Base is initialized. and System has 1 initialized arm(s)., among various other things.

youbot_joint_state_publisher

There is also a launch file for a robot_state_publisher. This will publish the joint states of the arm. This is useful for visualizing the robot in rviz.

roslaunch youbot_common youbot_joint_state_publisher.launch

Emergency Stopper

Run the youbot_network_estopper on the robot.

rosrun youbot_common youbot_network_estopper

Run the heartbeat_generator on your local machine. Make sure the ROS_MASTER_URI is set to point to the robot.

rosrun youbot_common heartbeat_generator

Now, if the connection between your local machine and the robot dies even for a short time, the robot will stop any movement until it reconnects. Alternately, you can kill the heartbeat generator if you need to stop the robot in a hurry.

Command Velocity Safety

First, make sure you have a local grid being generated. If you run one of the launch files in youbot_navigation, it will be sure to generate a local grid. Remap whatever node would normally generate command velocities from cmd_vel to cmd_vel_unsafe. This is most easily done in a launch file using the <remap> tag. Run the cmd_vel_safety node.

rosrun youbot_common cmd_vel_safety

For an example of a launch file which uses this, see youbot_keyboard_teleop.launch in youbot_teleop.


wpi.png

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2019-10-12 13:17